Remembering Stephen Hawking: A Tribute to the Legendary Scientist
Stephen Hawking, one of the greatest scientists of our time, left us on March 14, 2018, leaving a void in the world of science that is difficult to fill. Today, on his death anniversary, we remember the legendary physicist and his contributions to science and society. In this article, we will take a closer look at his life and work, including the role of two Indians in helping him get his voice back, and explore some of the notable events that took place on March 14 in the past.
Early Life and Education
Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, England. His father, Frank, was a medical researcher, and his mother, Isobel, was a secretary. Despite being diagnosed with ALS at the age of 21, Hawking went on to study at the University of Cambridge, where he earned a degree in physics in 1962. He then pursued a PhD in cosmology and became a research fellow at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
Hawking's Work in Cosmology
Hawking's work in cosmology was groundbreaking and revolutionized our understanding of the universe. In 1974, he proposed the theory that black holes emit radiation, which is now known as Hawking radiation. This theory challenged the prevailing belief that black holes were completely black and showed that they could, in fact, emit energy.
Hawking also worked on the concept of the Big Bang, the event that is believed to have created the universe. He showed that the universe began as a singularity, a point of infinite density and temperature, and expanded rapidly in the moments after the Big Bang. This work led to a greater understanding of the early universe and the development of the field of cosmology.
Role of Indians in Helping Hawking
In 1985, Hawking lost his voice due to complications from ALS. He was no longer able to communicate using his own voice and had to rely on others to speak for him. This changed when two Indian engineers, Shamit Kachru and Maneesh Agrawala, created a computer program that allowed Hawking to communicate using a speech synthesizer. This program, called the Equalizer, revolutionized the way Hawking communicated and allowed him to continue his work in science and advocacy.
Notable Events on March 14
March 14 has been a significant date in history for various reasons. On this day in 1879, physicist Albert Einstein was born in Germany. He is known for his groundbreaking work in theoretical physics, including the theory of relativity. In 1964, Jack Ruby was found guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, the man accused of assassinating President John F. Kennedy.
In 2018, on the same day that Stephen Hawking died, thousands of students across the United States participated in a National School Walkout to protest gun violence in schools. This event was organized in response to the mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, where 17 people were killed.
Stephen Hawking's contributions to science and society are immeasurable, and his legacy will continue to inspire generations of scientists and thinkers. His work in cosmology and black holes has transformed our understanding of the universe, and his advocacy for science and education has inspired people around the world. On this day, we remember his life and work and honor his contributions to the world.
That's it for this article.
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